Archive for the 'Uncategorized' category

Stainless Steel And Modern Architecture

Feb 26 2014 Published by under Uncategorized

For hundreds of years, all buildings were constructed primarily of wood and masonry. This began to change dramatically in the 18th century when wrought iron and cast iron were introduced as construction materials. Swiftly, a variety of metals took over as the preferred foundation for construction and architecture, a legacy which continues to this day. Iron initially supplanted both wood and masonry because of its superior strength and fire resistance, especially the latter. Several disastrous fires in the latter part of the 18th century led to the development of less combustible buildings which relied on cast iron as a major element of their construction.

Cast iron was also preferred for large public buildings due to the fact that a huge floor could be built with iron supports that prevented bouncing, or sagging in the middle, which was the case for flooring constructed with wooden supports.

Iron as a primary architectural material was in its turn overridden by the superior attributes of steel, for both sheet metal and supports. Steel is stronger than both cast iron and wrought iron and also has a greater resistance to corrosion.

The advent of the mass production of steel in the 19th century revolutionized architecture, leading to the ability to design and build enormously tall structures such as skyscrapers.

At the beginning of the 20th century, stainless steel was developed. Due to its aesthetic appeal and extremely high corrosion resistance, it became an external feature of much architecture. Buildings in marine environments often choose stainless steel sheeting for their exterior, since the building materials are exposed to corrosive elements. This is not only a concern for the surface area; many structures in such environments also use stainless steel material in their foundations, since the soil will be more corrosive than usual due to salt content.

By far the most well-known use of stainless steel in modern architecture though, is for its luster and visual appeal. The Chrysler Building in New York City is the chief early example of using stainless steel plate for its aesthetic attributes. The Chrysler Building was the first large scale use of stainless steel and was completed in 1930. It proves the superiority of stainless steel material used externally since today, almost one hundred years later, the stainless steel of this world famous building is in near pristine condition.

Another famous modern use of stainless steel material for construction is the Gateway Arch in St. Louis, Missouri. The Arch was designed to last one thousand years, which is one of the primary reasons the architect chose stainless steel. Also, like the Chrysler Building, the steel used in the Arch is to this day still in excellent condition, effortlessly maintaining its striking visual appeal.

Currently, celebrated architect Frank Gehry often chooses stainless steel sheeting to clad his spectacular buildings; the most well known example in the U.S. being the Walt Disney Concert Hall in Los Angeles.

Truly, steel has revolutionized architecture, from the steel used for interior supports and foundations, enabling buildings to rise toward the sky, to the dramatic use of stainless steel plate on buildings’ exteriors, commanding our attention.

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A Look At Materials In Architectural Model Making

Feb 15 2014 Published by under Uncategorized

Architectural models typically fall into one of three categories: sales models, development models, and planning models. There are varied forms and materials in architectural model making. Each works to assist in accurately detailing the look of the full scale design.

A basic model will be done with block forms. These offer very limited detail and can be made using special card box or foam tooling board. Another option is styrene which can be used in place of the card box.

More detailed models will be made using laser cut styrene or acrylic sheet. Additional details will be cut into the model such as windows and details of the elevation. With some types and scales of developments there may also be interior details included in the architectural model.

Giving consideration to the delicate nature of design materials is always key in model construction. Regardless of the purpose for your model, it can pose quite a roadblock when there are material issues that create design defects. This is commonly find in lighting use with certain of the new acrylic materials that are becoming more popular. Too much application of heat can cause warping and melting within the project and spoil the design effect.

More and more companies are finding it helpful to use 3D software to design architectural models. This eliminates the need for concern in areas of lighting and other aspects of material sensitivity. While it does not provide the same effect as a physical model, 3D software eliminates materials costs on this level of construction and can be outsourced quite easily.

The materials used in architectural model making have varied over time. They are generally chosen for their cost-effectiveness and the ability of to be easily manipulated for construction. Online researching can reveal a thorough list of the most common materials that are presently used in architectural models and the reason for their prevalence.

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Restaurant Ideas -supply Shelter Around The Entry

Feb 11 2014 Published by under Uncategorized

Over the years of being a restaurant architect, I’ve researched a lot of facilities to be able to figure out just what restaurant ideas cause them to become prosperous. There are so various distinct features that can decide success, it could be unachievable to actually list the entire collection of ideas in a single write-up let alone discuss them all in one document. I plan to focus right here on simply 1 element, refuge with the entrance. Below I shall be discussing my findings being a restaurant architect on what creates a great restaurant entry shelter, the way potential consumers interact with it as well as why it’s important. There are many kinds of restaurants from the full-service fine dining places down by means of fast casual to bare-bones restaurants like a carryout only pizza shops but the principals of great design apply to all restaurants equally. All restaurants share the same principals but not the exact same design. Excellent design always starts with universal principals combined with the requirements of the diners along with the intent of the owner. A restaurants advertising effort to the public need to commence with the architecture and design. This article is created to crystallize a set of principals for the use of the food service professional to support the restaurateur far better recognize restaurant design, but not to replace the restaurant architect. No matter how talented somebody is no one can do every thing well. An entrance refuge is much more than just the utilitarian factor that keeps buyers dry when they open the door or wait for their car, it really is a primary design element that everybody need to interact with.

The weather just isn’t often very good and the well designed entrance will begin to give shelter to clients before entering. Diners won’t be rushing by means of the doors when it really is raining. Consumers will be able to approach the entrance and get out of the rain prior to using the doors. It also supplies a location for consumers to stand outside even though waiting for a friend or their vehicle. I have chosen the term protection to be far more general than canopy. Saying canopy has a set of limitations, that I desire to steer clear of, canopies are normally fabric and always project out past the building facade. A canopy is a refuge but a refuge in not necessarily a canopy. The entrance shelter need to provide the needed protection a customer needs to permit them to slow down for a moment and collect themselves just before proceeding into the restaurant with out being a barrier to entrance. These shelters could be made of anything that maintain the rain off and could project out from the principal facade or the door itself can be pulled inside the building. A lot of times I see well intentioned restaurants location an entire fabric vestibule outside the building this completely defeats the purpose. It hides the expensive real front door and in poor weather buyers will crash against it and hurry by way of eliminating the main benefit.

Of course the protection at the restaurant entrance is only a component the the entire restaurant design and not just a stand alone thing. This write-up if extremely reductionist in nature simply because of its extremely narrow focus on only the restaurant entrance shelter and ignoring the floor plan and every thing else. That being said, the entrance refuge is extremely crucial and deserves this focus since it so crucial to the entrance expertise. Even smarter diners a lot of not notice an entrance shelter but they’ll really feel the absence of 1. The ideas discussed here are design principles and not an endorsement of any 1 item or style. These design ideas need to be applicable whether you’re opening a restaurant just from a new concept or in re-branding effort of an existing restaurant. Good design will enhance any enterprise. In your future design projects I hope the ideas discussed here are helpful to the restaurant professional. In case you have an existing restaurant and locate your entrance refuge lacking please take action based on what you have read hear.

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5 Tips For Mastering Design

Feb 05 2014 Published by under Uncategorized

When it comes to learning architecture design, it is important for you to take advantage of as many different educational offerings available to you. These different tips and services are going to give you the necessary knowledge to understand and excel inside your craft. The more educational offerings you have at your disposal, the greater your chances are of becoming a professional architect and working inside the field for a considerable amount of time. These five tips for mastering design are going to ensure you are able to do just that.

Learn the Latest Software

Understanding the latest, most up to date versions of CAD and other similar design programs is very important. Short for computer aided design, CAD software is very important in many design careers, as it allows you to construct and produce almost anything online. These design elements are going to give you the capability to produce what you have in mind to a point where you can see exactly how it is going to look in the long run.


While enrolled inside of a design college, you are going to have access to classes and course work that should prepare you for working as a professional architect and designer. However, real world experience, on top of your knowledge, is going to allow you to excel in this field. It is also why becoming an intern is so important. While this is only for a short period of time, it gives you a foot in the door and allows you to understand exactly what is going on with the design process.

Know Blueprints

Blueprints are the diagrams everyone in the architecture field work off of in order to showcase designs and ensure everyone on the job site knows what is going on and what needs to be accomplished. With architecture training, you are going to be able to handle this kind of work, all while not struggling to understand the blueprints yourself.

Learn from Former Designers

In order to improve upon the past, it is necessary for you to understand it. By studying former and current designers, learning how they created what they did and what sets them apart is the only way you are going to be able to excel as a designer yourself. You need to know where you came from in order to move forward with where you want to go in the end. A good design college is a great way for a focused retrospective.


The only way you’ll ever learn is if you experiment with something you do not know about and practice. Yes, you might not accomplish what you set out to do, but you’ll learn why it happened, what prevented it from going correctly and be able to correctly perform the design in the future. The more you experiment over the course of your architecture training, the more you’ll learn and the more you’ll eventually succeed.

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Art Auctions: Artwork Deco

Jan 31 2014 Published by under Uncategorized

Within the area of modern art, art deco plays a large and impressively lavish role. The sturdy colours and sweeping curves lend artwork deco the trademark boldness that expressed a lot of the progress and trendy advances of the twentieth century. Artwork auctions around the world nonetheless transfer many art deco pieces of varied kinds. Should you’re excited by gathering artwork deco, there are various art auctions each on-line and off that deal primarily in artwork deco.

Within the twentieth century the ornamental arts converged in what is called the art deco motion, which grew to affect architecture, vogue, the visual arts in addition to design. The term ‘art deco’ was derived from a World’s Honest held in Paris, France, known as the Exposition Internationale des Arts Decoratifs et Industriels Modernes within the yr 1925.

Though the movement and term comes from the Exposition Internationale des Arts Decoratifs et Industriels Modernes, the term was not extensively used until the late 1960s. Especially pre- World Battle I Europe influenced the art deco motion, although many cultures influenced and have been influenced by this art movement. Much of the world was experiencing similar shifts in modern technological advances.

For essentially the most part, the artwork deco motion was led to and inspired by the speedy advances of technological and social aspects of the early twentieth century. As tradition responded to those more and more altering times, the art deco movement was an outgrowth of these modern phenomena.

Art deco is considered generally to be an eclectic sort of decorative modernism that was influenced by a variety of artists and specific artwork forms. Artwork deco contains furniture, metalwork, clocks, glasswork and screens as well as work and different high quality artwork sorts of pieces.

The artwork deco type is known for its lavishness and epicurean flairs which can be attributed to the austerity of tradition brought about by World Conflict I. Robust patterns and bold colours and shapes have been used, as had been many explicit motifs used universally.

For example, the sunburst motif was used in all the things from the Radio City Music Corridor auditorium, pictures of ladies’ footwear, the spire of the Chrysler Building and several other pieces of art, architecture and design. Other ubiquitous motifs present in art deco had been stepped varieties, the zigzag, chevron patterns and sweeping curves.

Within the West, art deco misplaced its steam across the Second World War, but continued for use all the way into the 1960s in colonial countries such as India, where it served as a gateway to Modernism. Then in the Eighties art deco made a comeback in graphic design. Art deco’s association with Nineteen Thirties film noir led to its use in both trend and jewellery ads.

At present art deco is revered by many and dismissed as previous information and overly gaudy by others. Though it undoubtedly performed a significant position in artwork history, as with most art, particular person style frames the individual’s interpretation and like or dislike of artwork deco styles.

Art deco is likely one of the most well known art movements. This is largely resulting from its broad base of influences and influenced artwork forms and cultures. Since much of the world was experiencing many of the same advances in technology and mass manufacturing, most of the identical ideas and symbols were relevant in numerous elements of the world.

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A Brief History Of Architectural Model Making

Jan 26 2014 Published by under Uncategorized

The architectural model has been with humankind since the inception of the recorded word. A brief history of architectural model making would literally span from the beginning of history to present. Many of the great architectural and military monuments that people take delight in today were once small scale designs.

In many ways, designing on a small scale first proved most cost effective. Designers could improve upon the architectural design without having an unnecessary expenditure of valuable resources. This was effective in the design of military battlements, fortresses, weapons such as the large catapult, monuments and buildings or building like structures.

Like today, architectural models were meant to present a design so that it could be reviewed and approved. Funding in ancient times also relied on having a worthy architectural model. When this was in place, it could be appraised and ideally, financed.

Leonardo DaVinci was fond of scale models and used these to display his newest ideas. It was far easier for him to present his brainstorms to a layman audience with a miniature, working 3D model. This was also a way for him to prove to employers that he was fastidiously working on solutions for their hired out problems.

The architectural model has evolved based upon the needs of man and the availability and affordability of materials. When plastics became popular and cheap, new simpler method and more easily manipulated materials were used. Now, 3D software makes it possible to construct and accurate architectural model, without the use of any physical resources, save IT equipment.

A brief history in architectural model making will reveal that the architectural model has always served the same purpose. It is a key visual tool in bringing the design to possible financial backers. It has been this same even in the farthest reaches of history. The architectural model has been and will continue to be the first solid presentation of worthy designs.

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Georgian Interior Design Ideas And Styles

Jan 22 2014 Published by under Uncategorized

Considered by many to be the epitome of all that is desirable for the interior design ideas (and, incidentally, the exterior too), the Georgian period has a great influence on how we arrange our homes today and is, in fact, the basis for the currently popular English country house style. A combination of perfect proportions, symmetry and harmony is hard to resist for long.

Covering a period of about a hundred years from George I’s accession to the throne in 1714, Georgian style represents the sum of several highly diverse, imported styles, the homogenization of which produced a high point in English decoration. This style in turn was re-exported, influencing, in particular, the newly established colonies in North America.

At the start of the period, rococo was all the rage in France and to some extent in the rest of Europe. With its rampant, florid, asymmetrical lines featuring such motifs as scrolls, shells, flowers and ribbons – in fact, anything which could be represented by a curve – it had many admirers, not least the French court, the font of fashion in Europe.

In England, however, there were other forces at work. The Grand Tour, undertaken by many a well-heeled gentleman to enrich his cultural knowledge of the world, meant that continental ideas, especially those espoused in Italy – a ‘must stop’ on the trek – were given an airing back home. The Earl of Burlington was one who made the trip. An architect, he was much influenced by the work of Andrea Palladio in Italy, and upon his return to England did much to popularize this classical style of architecture.

The clash of these two very different styles could have meant an awful compromise. Instead the best of both was retained and the result was magnificent. The straight lines, symmetry and control of the Palladian style served to restrain the more excessive fluidity and glitz of the rococo interpretation. In turn the French delicacy and freedom of line lifted the rather constrained classical style.

To these two important influences were added two more, Gothick (the ‘k’ denotes the revival period) and chinoiserie. Every age draws upon the past and this was no exception and, with the increased availability of furnishings from the east, oriental taste also crept into the currency of English decoration.

One outstanding feature of the period was that, through the genius of people such as Robert Adam and William Kent, the designs of interiors were, for the first time, indelibly linked with those of the exterior. Classical pediments, plinths and pilasters all found their way indoors to become common interior embellishments.

Overseas trade and increased wealth led to a demand for a more sophisticated lifestyle. Rudimentary plumbing (running cold water at ground level and basic waste disposal) became available, as did better heating and illumination in the homes of the nobility and merchant class. Lower down the social strata it was a very different story, a fact that can be used to great advantage when planning a Georgian style interior today. It is not necessary to inherit a grand country mansion together with a substantial budget before considering the adoption of Georgian style. All you need are rooms of pleasing proportions and a knowledge of the materials and styles adopted by the average household of the day. A modern-day natural floor covering, such as jute over a quarry tiled floor, will serve every bit as well as a precious Aubusson carpet on ancient wood.

As with the interior styles of other ages, it was the development of materials and skills which greatly influenced the changes in interior fashion. The use of hardwoods (mahogany in particular) and the refinement of glass production meant that early ‘heavy’ designs gave way to more delicate styles.

Rooms were dominated, as ever, by practical considerations. The need to keep warm and to introduce as much light as possible meant that considerable thought was given to fireplaces and windows.

Mirrors were also an important feature, reflecting and increasing what natural light was available and, at night, candlelight. Practical though these elements were, it did not mean that they had to have a utilitarian appearance. Fireplaces were surrounded by the grandest of treatments in fine marble, mirrors framed with intricately carved, gilt moldings and windows dressed either with beautifully paneled shutters or curtains hanging from delicately worked, wooden pelmets. In addition, doors (often double) were fielded, ceilings molded and walls frequently paneled.

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Architectural Evangelist – Advocating Innovation In Architecture

Jan 16 2014 Published by under Uncategorized

Architectural Evangelist is a one of a kind architectural newsletter broadcasting the message of the cause, effect and need for innovation in the field of architecture. It is the brain child of a team of designers, architects, content developers,and technicians. We are speaking to architects, students, builders, interior designers/decorators and re-modelers. Architectural Evangelist braces the change of seasons with our centralized them of spring in the first issue. Our aim is to maintain Architectural Evangelist as a quarterly issue, with news and updates about the business of offshoring, architecture and design; How To’s; creative inputs from design experts, technical professionals and industry gurus; and articles, resources and everything in between.

Spring/Summer ’08 design tips for your home
Color, breeze and sunshine…that’s what comes to mind when you say spring. Design tips for your home that can make any ordinary room into a fun, cozy haven …This spring spruce up for a breath of fresh air to sweep through your living spaces with Architectural Evangelist’s design ideas and tips that spell spring like nothing else can.

Going green
Building and construction have a great effect on the environment. In the United States alone buildings alone account for 40-49% energy consumption, 25% of water consumption, 70% of total energy consumption and 38% of total carbon dioxide emissions. Green building information, tips and trends….

The new face of outsourcing
In this age of competition, companies are increasingly turning to specialization for improving cost and time feasibility and increasing efficiency. With knowledge intensive areas entering the fray, it allows organization the flexibility and provides the resources for the business growth of the organization…
How to tip: Choosing the right offshore services provider
To build long term relationships with offshore service provider you need to play detective and find out all you can about the organization first. Here’s what you need to know…

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Accuracy In Architectural Model Making Is Not Always Found In 3d Software

Jan 12 2014 Published by under Uncategorized

Accuracy in architectural model making most certainly requires the use of tactile and physical materials. A scale model is meant to represent a precise, but smaller construction of the intended design. This is the traditional way of presenting an architectural idea for financial backing.

In sales presentations people what to see a realistic interpretation of what they are investing in. Certain visual aspects of a project can only be revealed when incorporating such aspects as texture and coloration. As architecture is and remains an art form, appealing to the senses of potential backers in the most effective way is guaranteed to get the better results.

3D software has certain admitted features that physical models do not. Incorporating pertinent data into the presentation of a physical model requires that there be a secondary report. Models designed by using this cutting edge software can bring to light valuable data within the same presentation.

Software generated models involve far less concern regarding the use of delicate materials. Lighting effects are achieved without the hassle that is known to be a part of the physical model making process. Ultimately these can be cheaper, in a way, less subject to damage, and easier to construct.

It is accuracy however that they lack. Accuracy when using 3D architectural models is lacking in a major way. First, 3D software can never truly display a three dimensional re-creation of any project. The resulting image has been and will always be two dimensional.

In general it is intended that architectural models be the focus or meeting point within the design process. Numerous designers of different trades can come together with their various problems and solutions at the model design table. Lacking this process, there remains little room for accuracy in architectural model making when individuals of different trades cannot come together for the combination of their different tasks.

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Drafting And Architecture – Online Career Preparation Options

Jan 07 2014 Published by under Uncategorized

An education in drafting and architecture is needed to understand the concepts and gain the ability to create technical drawings for construction purposes. This industry provides numerous careers in specialized areas to students who master these skills. Online colleges offer students career preparation degree programs at every level of education.

The area of the industry that students are interested in will determine what level of education they should complete. For example, students that want to become computer-aided drafters are only required to complete undergraduate degree programs. Another factor is what career students want to enter. If students are seeking management positions, advanced training at the graduate degree level is often required. Online training is a great option for students that can’t attend a traditional college. Some possible training options include:

*Drafting Certificate Program

A drafting certificate program is dedicated to developing student’s skills to sketch and draw a variety of products. Mechanical, electrical, and architectural illustrations are focused on to prepare students for a professional career. The use of computer-aided drafting and manual drafting are learned as students work to understand drafting procedures. Several online programs allow students to specifically study computer-aided drafting or work towards a specialty such as civil or electrical drafting. A technical drawing course teaches students how to draft and design a product the traditional way. Students learn how to draw on vellum using materials like straightedges. Computer drafting is covered to teach students how to create 3-D images. Advanced skills and more career opportunities open when students continue education at the associate’s and bachelor’s degree level.

*Bachelor’s Degree in Architectural Drafting

This standard starting point for many students develops their skills to create building designs. The practical and aesthetic uses of buildings are covered to train students how to design effective blueprints. Online education teaches students the history of architecture and modern drafting theories to help them understand how to function inside the profession. With the industry of architectural drafting becoming more computer-based, students learn how to use programs like AutoCAD. This program makes it possible for professionals to design 3-D models that are used to construct residential and commercial buildings. Online training covers all areas of the field like property location, budget, and building use. Leadership positions in firms and organizations can be entered when students continue education at the master’s degree level.

*Bachelor’s Degree in Landscape Architecture

This type of degree program is best for students that want to specialize in landscape architecture. This particular area of the industry encompasses the use of architecture and design to create functional outdoor spaces. Students learn to sketch outdoor areas that are used for homes, schools, parks, buildings, and much more. Online education teaches students how to construct a landscape and select plants for the chosen site. Urban design, park planning, and landscape preservation are common topics discussed in a degree program. Students can enter careers as consultants and senior architects.

Online drafting and architecture education allows students to prepare for a career inside the comfort of their own home. Choose a degree level and area of the field to begin accredited training today. Full accreditation comes from agencies like the Accreditation Board for Engineering and Technology and is awarded to schools and colleges that offer the best quality educational training.

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